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haleakala national park elevation

These pools contain rare native freshwater fish. Sunrises and sunsets are popular events. Although nēnē died out entirely in the park, in 1946 they were re-introduced with the help of the Boy Scouts, who carried young birds into the crater in their backpacks. Understand []. [2] A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. Local animals, including cattle, are often encountered in the roadway. spacecraft, monitoring satellites, rockets, and laser technology) rather than celestial objects. According to the United States Geological Survey USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, the Volcano Alert Level for Haleakala as of August 2015 was "normal". By way of comparison, both Mauna Loa and Kilauea have erupted more than a dozen times each in the last 90 years. [10], Grazing and rooting feral goats and pigs have been destroying the native vegetation. Haleakalā is also the name of a peak on the southwestern edge of Kaupō Gap. Visitors may choose to swim in these pools, or they may choose to hike a trail that takes visitors up to the base of Waimoku Falls. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. Hawaii is home to 2 U.S. national parks:. Encompassing over 30,000 acres of public land, the park offers hiking trails, pre-arranged horseback riding tours and more endangered species than any other National Park. USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, List of mountain peaks of the United States, "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "How do Maui lava-flow hazard zone numbers compare to those on Hawaii island? Here you’ll find the summit stops listed in ascending order per elevation, as well as a brief … 1961 – Haleakala National Park established. Haleakala National Park, Maui’s only national park, is astounding. It lies above the tropical inversion layer and so experiences excellent viewing conditions and very clear skies. In its prime, Haleakala may have reached a height of 12,000 feet before water and wind erosion, and possibly glaciers, began to carve two large river valleys out of the rim. Haleakala is Maui’s highest peak; Stands at 10,023 feet above sea level, and 29,723 feet from the ocean floor; The Haleakala National Park ranges more than 30,000 acres of land; Haleakala is home to endangered species like the Nene goose (Hawaii State Bird) and the Silversword; Haleakala National Park Website At first glance, it’s hard to believe that plants would grow on its barren terrain, but Haleakal ā National Park is home to some of the island’s most beautiful, and rare, plants. The steep, downslope areas of the Kanaio and Kahikinui ahupuaʻa and the area north of Hana are rated as Hazard Zone 4. The lowest elevation found in Haleakala is 0 feet at the Pacific Ocean; The highest elevation found in Haleakala is 10,023 feet at Haleakala Summit; The entrance fee for Haleakala is $25 per vehicle per 3 days; Haleakala National Park lies in the Hawaii time zone; Random Facts About Haleakala. It is one of the few places in the world where you can drive from sea level to 10,000 ft in less than 40 miles. It is 6.99 miles (11.25 km) across, 2.0 mi (3.2 km) wide, and 2,600 ft (790 m) deep. Tours & Sightseeing. Surrounding and including the crater is Haleakalā National Park, a 30,183-acre (122.15 km2) park, of which 24,719 acres (100.03 km2) are wilderness. A popular 11-mile (17.8 km) full-day hike begins at Keonehe‘ehe‘e Trailhead, crosses the valley floor, and ends at Halemau'u (7,990 ft/2,436 m elevation). At 10,023 feet above sea level, this dormant volcano is the stage for a breathtaking range of landscapes—and skyscapes. Haleakala has erupted three times in approximately the last 900 years. Hike across the crater to Halemau'u Trail. The park includes the summit depression, Kipahulu Valley on the southeast, and ʻOheʻo Gulch (and pools), extending to the shoreline in the Kipahulu area. Rising 10,023 feet (3,055 meters) above sea level, Haleakala is the world’s largest dormant volcano, the centerpiece of Maui’s Haleakala National Park. The temperature near the summit tends to vary between about 40 °F (5 °C) and 60 °F (16 °C) and, especially given the thin air and the possibility of dehydration at that elevation, the walking trails can be more challenging than one might expect. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees). There two sections of the park - One at the summit and the other one on Kipahulu at the southeast coast. From the summit one looks down into a massive depression some 11.25 km (7 mi) across, 3.2 km (2 mi) wide, and nearly 800 m (2,600 ft) deep. Haleakala, originally part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, was re-designated as a separate entity in 01 July 1961. The park is open year-round, 24 hours a day, except for severe weather closures. Other areas of Haleakala are rated comparable to the lava-flow hazards of Mauna Kea and Kohala (Hazard Zones 7 through 9). The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones. The area now know as Haleakala national park was originally part of Hawaii National Park and was redesignated as a separate entity in July 1961 and an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater, and to Hāna to the east. [13] The road is open to the public (although parts of it are restricted) and is a well-maintained two-lane highway containing many blind turns and very steep dropoffs. ", "National Park Service suspends popular Hawaii bike tour", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Time Lapse animations of the Haleakalā Crater Webcam, Hike Maui, An Authorized Haleakalā Tour Operator, The 126 most prominent summits of the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haleakalā&oldid=992189729, Highest points of United States national parks, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Geological Survey, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 23:57. Haleakalā Crater provides epic, sweeping views of the island from an elevation of just over 10,000 feet. Visitors cannot drive directly to this section from the summit area; they must take a winding coastal road that travels around the windward coast of the island. This is not the same as paying the entrance fee! The park preserves a stunning volcanic crater and surrounding mountain. Eventually, these valleys formed gaps that merged at the volcano summit to create a crater-like basin. Public transportation does not go through the park, but there are four vehicle based tour companies (Polynesian Adventure Tours, Skyline Eco Adventures, Haleakala EcoTours, and Valley Isle Excursions) that operate tours of the park and trips to the summit. [11]. The bird was once on all the islands of Hawaii but now it is only on the Island of Hawaii. For over 40 years, the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, conducting dedicated astrophysical experiments. Macdonald, Abbott, & Peterson state it this way: Haleakalā is far smaller than many volcanic craters (calderas); there is an excellent chance that it is not extinct, but only dormant; and strictly speaking it is not of volcanic origin, beyond the fact that it exists in a volcanic mountain. This volcanic activity has been along two rift zones: the southwest and east. These birds were then kept in captivity to increase the population. Nevertheless, new telescopes are added, such as the Pan-STARRS in 2006. Visitors frequently come to the summit of the volcano to watch the sunrise and/or sunset. One attraction of the park is Hosmer's Grove, a unique forest of trees including deodar (Cedrus deodara) from the Himalayas, sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) from Japan, eucalyptus from Australia, and several species from North America (pine, spruce, cypress, fir, and others). An extremely winding but well maintained road leads up the mountain. If you stay just ten to twenty minutes later you’ll be treated to an incredible show as the colors of dawn stretch across the landscape of the Haleakala National Park. Haleakala translates to “House of the Sun”. Biodiversity has been compromised and is negatively affecting the groundwater reserve. More endangered species live in Haleakalā National Park than any other national park in the United States. Haleakala National Park, Maui Hawaii. [4], Haleakalā was originally part of Hawaii National Park along with the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaiʻi, created in 1916. Rising 10,023 (3,005 m) feet above sea level, Haleakala means "house of the sun" and is where demigod Maui lassoed the sun, slowing its passage so people had more time to dry kapa (cloth) and grow food. This is aggravated by the fact that trails lead downhill from parking areas into the crater. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. Haleakala has produced numerous eruptions in the last 30,000 years, including in the last 500 years. The Haleakalā Ranger station, at a lower elevation, lies in the subtropical highland climate zone. Haleakala Crater looms 10,023 feet above the Pacific Ocean, taking up three-quarters of Maui’s 727 square miles.Haleakala sunrise inspire 1.5 million visitors annually. Tour operators used to run bike rides down the entire 27 miles from the summit, but in 2007 the National Park Service suspended all commercial bicycle activity within the park boundaries, following multiple fatal accidents. [8] The park includes the summit depression, Kipahulu Valley on the southeast, and ʻOheʻo Gulch (and pools), extending to the shoreline in the Kipahulu area. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins. Lava Flow Hazard map of Haleakala. The tallest peak of Haleakalā ("house of the sun"), at 10,023 feet (3,055 m), is Puʻu ʻUlaʻula (Red Hill). [14], There are three Sunset and Stargazing tours permitted within Haleakala National Park. 1941 to 1946 – U.S. Army occupies Haleakala. The Park Service charges a vehicle entrance fee of $30 (US). This plant is the quintessential plant of Haleakalā since it only grows there and nowhere else on Earth. This area is designated the Kipahulu Valley Biological Reserve and is closed to the public to preserve the native plant and animal species in this fragile rainforest. At just over 10,000 ft elevation Haleakala (which in Hawaiian means “House of the Sun”) National Park is one of the top 5 things to do in Maui. [11][12], A well traveled Haleakalā Highway, completed in 1935, is a road mainly composed of switchbacks that leads to the peak of Haleakala. Our most popular tours and activities. There are a few tour guides on Maui that pick people up at their hotels, and outfit them with a bicycle to glide down the road from just outside the National Park boundary (starting at 6500 ft altitude). As a result of the geographic importance of this observational platform, experts come from all over the world to take part in research at "Science City", an astrophysical complex operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, University of Hawaii, Smithsonian Institution, Air Force, Federal Aviation Administration, and others. In comparison, approximately 43 square miles (110 km2) of Hualalai are covered with flows 900 years old or younger and approximately 104 square miles (270 km2) on Kilauea and 85 square miles (220 km2) on Mauna Loa are covered by lavas less than 200 years old. All sunrise entries between 3am and 7am require reservations made in … Browse our largest collection of experiences. Explore on … The buildings are on a gated road just past the summit and are not within the park boundary. According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day. 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