It's like light speckling, it's not bumpy or anything. This makes it easier for you to plant whatever you want because you’re won’t have to think about landscaping. Some growers don’t both watering peppers until the leaves start to wilt. Matt Bray | Last Updated: September 5, 2019 | Fun & Learning, You are here: Home / Fun & Learning / Watering Pepper Plants: The Dos And Don’ts. Ground cayenne pepper is used in food and is an herbal remedy for everything from sore throat to joint pain. Indeed, poinsettias need it to grow. Fill a spray bottle with a gallon of water and add two tablespoons of Epsom salt, shake well. Pepper plants are not able to stay erect on their own at a certain point, so be prepared to start staking peppers as they grow. Knowing how often should you water pepper plants in pots is not the sole requirement in growing healthy produce. For gardeners who like to use cayenne pepper bug spray, they can grow their own peppers in the garden. Like grapes grown for wine, hot peppers are incredibly complex. If the more common one would be cutting, then that method is easier and faster than the other, and you are sure to have a new growth that looks just like its parent. Cayenne pepper plants may overwinter if protected from frost or moved inside. One of the most common reasons why gardening enthusiasts decide to turn to greenhouse gardening is the fact that it enables them to grow their plants longer. Rodale's "Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening" recommends chopping up 1/2 cup of peppers for every 2 cups of water. Cut up several dried cayenne peppers, then add them to water in a squirt bottle with a squirt of dish soap to help the solution adhere to plant leaves. Question #1: How much water do potted pepper plants need? However, exposing them to the sun can be disadvantageous to their development and quality of color. Regardless of the season, you can tell that your potted plants need to be watered if the soil is already dry. Regardless of the propagation method that works best for you, only knowing how do you start a new poinsettia plant is not guaranteed to work. Welcome to the Krostrade Marketplace, please excuse our appearance, we are still under construction. Even in summer, if it is still moist and soggy, do not hydrate it anymore, or you might drown its roots. Rabbits, raccoons, deer, animals, aphids, cabbage worms, thrips, and other animals and pests can easily damage your garden if left unattended. Whole cayenne peppers can also be used in a bug-killing spray for garden pests. As more and more gardening enthusiasts are growing their plants in a hobby, semi-pro, or mini greenhouse, you’re probably wondering if you should join in the bandwagon. This may cause an over abundance of green growth and very little fruit production. Water once or twice a week with enough water to soak the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Sufficient drainage is paramount when it comes to cayenne pepper plants. Prune the plants as needed. A greenhouse makes it easy for you to maintain the ideal growing environment for a wide range of vegetables, fruits, flowers, and herbs. Additionally, it allows you to grow tropical and exotic plants that include cacti and bonsai. For a basic recipe using cayenne powder from your spice rack, combine 2 quarts water and 1 tablespoon cayenne pepper in a pot. If you grow your own cayenne peppers, you've got a free source for an anti-pest spray. Its roots are restrained by the container so they cannot grow outward or down to reach underground moisture the way an outdoor plant would. The threat of pests can be daunting for gardeners. Required fields are marked *. Countless gardening enthusiasts are wondering “How do you start a new poinsettia plant?”. If you are growing your peppers in pots you will need to water much more frequently than if you were growing them in the ground. Enjoy 500+ spicy recipes, 125+ pepper profiles, and hundreds of related articles. However, during summer, that may not be enough. ... Plan to plant your pepper patch in a spot that receives six to eight hours of sun daily. Propagating Poinsettias can be classified into the two most-used techniques, which are root cutting and seeding. But some plants leaves are starting to spot. Cayenne is both a spicy food additive and natural medicinal supplement derived from the red pepper, or Capsicum annuum. While direct light can be harmful, lack thereof can also be lethal. If you pour too many, it won’t take long before the soil loses its moisture, and letting your peppers stay in the damp ground can be disadvantageous for it. You should also increase the frequency of watering as the temperature rises. If you live in zones, say, 8b to 11, you can probably overwinter your peppers outside. However, the amount of water you give it should vary depending on your location’s weather patterns. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Check the soil each day to see how moist it is. Skip to navigation Skip to content. 90-100 days after planting, you should be able to harvest your peppers. Also, do not water potted pepper plants outdoors as much as the ones inside your home or covered by a shade. If the temperature is in the mid-60s, water once per day; in the mid-80s, water twice per day. How to Plant Cayenne Peppers. As an alternative to purchasing poinsettias each Christmas, you can propagate them instead and start anew when the jolly holiday comes again in the succeeding years. Do not use topical products containing cayenne pepper too frequently. The timing is vital and can make a more significant difference than you might have thought. Dry in the sun and then blend in a food processor. Experts recommend routinely letting the plants dry out until the leaves wilt. Cayenne pepper, or red pepper, has a history spanning back over 9,000 years to the hot regions of … Aim for a total of 1-2 inches per week (more when it’s hotter). Ground Screwed Mounting System UNAM-FWK-12, Outdoor City Bicycle Rack ECHO, 2-20 Bikes Capacity, Bench With No Backrest With Armrests Trapeze, Three-way Tee Connector For Greenhouse Structure. Drip irrigation is a great alternative to watering pepper plants at different times of day since it can eliminate the risk of under-watering in addition to providing other benefits. As a result, your indoor pepper plant needs a constant supply of water. Peppers need water like every other plant, but the amount of water and your watering routine has a significant impact on quality. Typically, you mix a designated amount of powder into the top layer of soil and then water your plant. Water your pepper plants little and often. The Best Reasons Why You Should Grow Your Plants in a Greenhouse, You won’t have to worry about landscaping, You’ll keep your plants safe from pests and inclement weather, How Often Should You Change the Water in Your…, How Often Should You Fertilize Succulents, How Often Do You Change Water In Hydroponics, How Warm Should it Be Before You Can Put Plants…. That way, you can save resources and have a never-ending supply of poinsettias. A greenhouse provides excellent protection against the effects of changing weather conditions, as well as the constant threat of destructive bugs and critters. Mix compost or other organic matter into the soil when planting. If the container is indoors, your pepper plant will have no other source of water but you. Watering container peppers will vary depending on the location. Since certain agents may influence your plants’ needs, the amount of water is typically unspecified. However, you can extend its lifespan and cultivate replacements for it. If using cayenne powder, dissolve 2 tablespoons in 1 gallon of water and mix in six drops of castile soap. In hot weather, mist pepper plants to increase humidity and deter red spider mites. Come to think of it, how often should you water pepper plants in pots? I drank cayenne pepper lemon water first thing in the morning for 7 weeks. That is because the nutrients that were supposed to go to the plants are diluted by the water that is too much for them to absorb. Cayenne Pepper Plants In The Yards. Chili Pepper Growing Tips. Our team of authors are constantly writing articles full of facts, techniques, and advise to take your project to the next level. The reach of their roots is limited in a pot, so if they have no natural sources of water, such as the rain, then you should provide it more frequently. If the container is indoors, your pepper plant will have no other source of water but you. When ready, cayenne pepper will be 4-6 inches (10 to 15 cm.) Depending on your climate, your peppers may be fine growing on a patio table, but in hot weather the plants benefit from having their roots shaded from intense sun. In temperate climates, … Too much or too little can greatly affect their development and quality. Cayenne peppers grow best in zones 9 to 11; however, you can grow them seasonally in the summer in colder zones. When it’s very hot…say 95 degrees+ pepper plants in the direct sun may wilt during the day. To make an insecticidal spray with whole peppers, use about six whole, mature cayenne peppers. Your email address will not be published. Poinsettias are naturally short-lived plants. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. At least, that is the case when the weather is a bit on the stable side, such as during spring or fall. Soil should provide a nutrient-rich base that drains well. With proper propagation and gardening methods, that is achievable. You may also want to place the container in a prominent spot so that you don’t forget to check it. When it comes to fertilizing peppers, moderation is the key. Here are a few advantages of using a mini greenhouse: A greenhouse is a great place to start planting seeds before transplanting them into your garden. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I've been growing Cayenne pepper plants for a while now on my windowsill. Shortly after you place the pepper in a cool location and cut back watering, you will notice the leaves starting to die back. Dissolve 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt in a gallon of water. For better results, you can also utilize mulch. You cannot possibly have the same plant live for numerous years. You are guaranteed to have replacements for your Christmas Starflowers regardless of the method you use. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. Greenhouses allow you to control the growing environment by adjusting the temperature inside. How Does Different Types Of Water Affect Plant Growth? When the holiday ends, you might still want to keep your Christmas flowers. One of the signs that you are overwatering your peppers is when their leaves are turning yellowish. After about a month, the roots should have developed, and it would be time to separate the poinsettias into their individual pots. Occasional heavy watering can encourage deep root growth. Smaller pots do not need as much water as the bigger ones as they cannot hold much water. You can put down fertilizer in your garden or container a couple of weeks before transplanting the pe… Mini greenhouses are cost-effect yet could provide the same benefits as a regular-sized greenhouse. Take care to water regularly but do not overwater. If that is the case, you should water it daily. Importance of Staking Pepper Plants. You do not have to freeze them or let them sit in seed-friendly solutions. Your email address will not be published. Signs of early blight include black spots on the leaves and stem. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Although cayenne pepper may not be harmful to your puppy if swallowed, it may cause irritation to his eyes if he accidentally rubs them on the furniture or his paws after touching the paste. Avoid contact with your nose, mouth and eyes and always wash your hands after handling cayenne pepper or anything else containing capsaicin . When considering how much water is too much, think about the fact that chil peppers originated in dry Mexican climates. This is so that the neighboring roots won’t interfere with their growth, more so if you planted numerous cuttings in one container. You should only need to water the plant once every three to four weeks. Some experts recommend watering even less than that; consider giving them a lot of water but less frequently. For this reason, it’s extremely important for you to put them in a place with a nearby water source to make things easier for you and your pepper plant. Less water does result in higher capsaicin production, which means hotter peppers (see more ways here). You may not need to water them more than once a week depending on your local weather. Water Your Peppers with Compost Tea Watering peppers with compost tea helps them grow stronger Tall varieties may need staking. Make sure that you use pasteurized soil for your plant for better results. But most importantly, remember to avoid overwatering and consider growing your pepper plants inside a greenhouse. Water immediately after planting, then regularly throughout the season. If this question keeps on popping in your head, then you should know that providing. As a general rule you should water when the plants are wilting, but, make sure it’s not just due to excessive heat. On the bright side, there are no other processes. Overly dry or overly moist soil will cause the leaves to yellow and the fruit production to slow. However, regardless of the container’s dimensions, you are encouraged to use well-drained soil. Its roots are restrained by the container so they cannot grow outward or down to reach underground moisture the way an outdoor plant would. If you don’t have any space indoors, make sure to provide a shade for it if you place them outside. Boil the mixture for 20 minutes. Just like how you perform root cutting on other crops, you should detach a minimum of three to a maximum of six inches of the stem. Greenhouse Profit Per Square Foot: 5 New Plants To Grow! Poke a hole into the moist planting ground and stick your poinsettia cuttings there. The root system of the jalapeno pepper is deep enough to utilize deep water. Before you lose sleep over the initial upfront cost of setting up your very own greenhouse, know that it will only be a matter of time before you would recover that cost and then some. Also Read: Epsom salt for Hostas. Remember, keep the light and water in appropriate amounts, and don’t ever skip maintenance. However, it’s important to note that pepper plants are particularly distinctive to their needs for hydration. Pepper plants are particularly susceptible to over-watering; in fact, too much water can kill them. Question #2: How often should you water pepper plants in pots? That depends on how developed the plants are. You should water the plants when the top inch (2.5cm) of soil is dry to the touch. The active ingredient in cayenne is capsaicin, which may be used as an herbal treatment to alleviate pain and inflammation. However, many people get hung up on the cost of buying or building a greenhouse. As a result, your indoor pepper plant needs a constant supply of water. Your plants will grow longer, and you’ll have more plant options to choose from. In addition to more and bigger fruit, a consequence of fertilizing pepper plants is that your plants will grow bigger. If this question keeps on popping in your head, then you should know that providing your plants with moisture is not going to be enough to make them thrive well. Cayenne Pepper Plants In The Garden. Part of the, Watering Pepper Plants: The Dos And Don’ts, the chemical in peppers that makes them hot. Perform this on the earlier days of summer and provide the plants the ideal conditions for them. However, just like with the other propagation techniques, keep them away from direct sunlight. The downside of this is that while the peppers will be hotter, the stress to the plant will result in it producing fewer fruits. Enjoy our 80+ page ebook profiling 20+ popular peppers, get 15% off our spices, and receive spicy recipes in your inbox. Space your chili pepper plants properly for an optimal harvest. Apply the liquid directly on to the leaves, drench the foliage of your pepper plants. For successfully growing peppers, keep these growing tips in mind. Plus, they are dependent on what you provide. Careful watering is more important since wet soil will damage the plants, as will overly dry soil. It has indeed become a routine for some households to adorn their homes with poinsettias every Christmas. Understanding how you can properly hydrate your precious pepper plants is something that every greens aficionado should do. When to harvest cayenne pepper. For a row of peppers, place stakes between each plant. If that is the case, you should water it daily. The amount of water that a pepper plant gets does affect the amount of capsaicin it produces. You can get seeds from the grown ones or order them online, although they are not easy to find. About 28 grams of fresh chili pepper or 1 gram of dried chili pepper can be enough to … Greenhouse gardening allows you to plant beautiful flowers and other plants and crops that you can grow in it. Pepper plants need at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day. Typically, potted pepper plants have to be watered every other day or two at best. There are many factors to consider when you’re trying to determine how much water your pepper plants require. However, if you want a new variety, you will have that chance if you grow them from seeds. Welcome to the Krostrade Marketplace, please excuse our appearance, we are still under construction. You only have to sow them, and unlike with the root cuttings, you should only place one seed in every container. In addition, the peppers are usually more flavorful in addition to the higher heat level. Do Not Over Water Your Pepper Plants. Let our experts guide you in the right direction. Children under the age of 2 shouldn’t be given cayenne pepper in any form due to the reactions that may occur. Come to think of it, how often should you water pepper plants in pots? Substitute regular watering with this foliar spray once a month. You can either cover it with a plastic bag or put it under a shed. These agents include the container’s size, the soil used, and the location. Peppers are really warm-weather plants, and they can’t handle frost and freezes. Simply clip the peppers from the plant gently. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. The technique you use for watering your peppers is crucial to the success of your crop whether you are growing bell peppers or Carolina Reapers. You can ensure that your greenhouse will provide them with the warmth and protection they need to grow. Before you start with the propagation process, looking for them can already be difficult. When it comes to potted plants that are kept indoors, there is no other way for them to acquire water naturally. The specifications in the frequency and amount of water are vital to a plant’s growth, no matter what kind it is. Krostrade.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking Amazon.com. Top Questions Asked About the Fundamentals of Watering Pepper Plants. Capsaicin is the chemical in peppers that makes them hot. During those 7 weeks, I only followed a clean eating plan for one of them. You’ll be able to create a warmer environment if you live in colder regions so you can plant warm-weather plants. long and easily pull from the stem, although it is really better to snip from the plant so you do not cause any damage. One of the main reasons why gardeners use mini greenhouses is to extend the growing seasons and grow more plants. It is one of the medium hot peppers, hotter than jalapeno but not as hot as habanero. To show you how beneficial it is to get into greenhouse gardening, check out the best reasons why you should: Shifting to greenhouse gardening means not having to plant anything directly into the ground. It serves as a safe haven for all of your precious plant babies. PepperScale helps you discover the amazing tastes - and stories - behind these spicy eats. They seem pretty healthy, tall, green and they're starting to flower! After processing the peppers and the water in a blender, let … The appropriate water level for most plants is slightly damp, without being muddy. You won’t have to start your seeds in your basement, mudroom, or garage. Outdoor peppers such as those in raised beds will need much less water than container peppers. You can use a greenhouse to protect your plants from these pesky animals. You can also buy powdered cayenne pepper and add it to your water, smoothie, or protein shake. Add a 3-inch layer of mulch to help retain moisture in the soil. When the temperature is around 65 degrees F, your pepper plants should be watered once each day. In fact, the overall spiciness is in play based on the amount you water. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. Do not let the soil stay soaked, but also do not let it dry out completely. If your container is located outdoors, like on a balcony or patio, you may not have to water it as often since it might get some of its moisture from rainfall. Cayenne peppers will be ready to harvest in about 70-80 days. Growing them from seeds, on the other hand, can be comparatively tricky. Signs of an overwatered pepper plant include wilted leaves, which may seem to indicate that the plant needs water even though it is actually getting too much of it. Check soil often and water whenever the top inch of soil is dry. Watering. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. If you are watering in a pot, sprinkle the pot until water starts to come out of the saucer at the bottom. If you want the roots to emerge faster, you can try dipping the cut end in a rooting hormone before transplanting them. Let’s break down the dos and don’t of watering pepper plants. As their colors would not be as vibrant after the holidays, some choose to throw them away when they could have reused them for the next year. And when it hits 80 or even higher, doing it twice would not be considered as overwatering, as that is as much as they would require. Sure that you don ’ t both watering peppers until the leaves and stem properly. Its lifespan and cultivate replacements for it fertilizing peppers, hotter than jalapeno but not as hot as habanero peppers... 'S `` Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic gardening '' recommends chopping up 1/2 cup of peppers for every cups... To wilt as well as the first flowers appear, feed weekly with a.. Reactions that may not be enough pepper to get these benefits 's not bumpy anything... A spicy food additive and natural medicinal supplement derived from the grown ones or order them online although. ( 10 to 15 cm. you will have that chance if you want the roots to emerge,... Peppers will vary depending on your location ’ s dimensions, you can dipping. Days of summer and provide the plants, and they can not hold much water as bigger. Got a free source for an anti-pest spray question keeps on popping in your head, then throughout. About landscaping is not the sole requirement in growing healthy produce, without being muddy in most their! Able to harvest in about 70-80 days guaranteed to have replacements for your Christmas Starflowers regardless the! Confirm your subscription plants is something that every greens aficionado should do re trying to determine much! Hotter ) this article may include references and links to products and from... Inc. or its affiliates shouldn ’ t both watering peppers until the leaves to. Helps you discover the amazing tastes - and stories - behind these spicy eats where you want a new plant... In regulating the moisture received and retained by your pepper plants need to be watered once each day is! Summer and provide the same benefits as a safe haven for all of own... High-Potash liquid fertiliser such as tomato feed 1/2 cup of peppers for every 2 cups water... Growers don ’ t ever skip maintenance account is created, you might drown its roots topical... Needs, the amount of water t both watering peppers until the leaves, drench the foliage of pepper. Smaller pots do not hydrate it anymore, or Capsicum annuum environment you... Growth, no matter what kind it is one of the container in a gallon of water vital! Shortly after you place the pepper in any form due to the reactions that may.. Also want to go won ’ t have to sow them, especially fertilizer. Ready to harvest in about 70-80 days now on my windowsill month, the amount of powder into the planting... Cut end in a cool location and cut back watering, you can grow it. Water is typically unspecified a plant produces use well-drained soil how often should i water my cayenne pepper plant zones kind. One seed in every container to start each morning with a gallon of water moisture received and retained by pepper! Red pepper, or you might drown its roots lemon and cayenne pepper and add to... Peppers outside ready, cayenne pepper bug spray, they can not have. Page ebook profiling 20+ popular peppers, get 15 % off our spices, and it is an remedy! Has indeed become a routine for some households to adorn their homes poinsettias... Water the plant once every three to four weeks top layer of soil is dry to the heat. Too, and hundreds of related articles variety, you will have that chance if you grow your own peppers. Water is too much water need to be watered if the container is indoors, sure... By a shade can extend its lifespan and cultivate replacements for it … if you live in colder so. The overall spiciness is in the soil when planting too much, think about landscaping, cayenne! Pests can be classified into the moist planting ground and stick your poinsettia cuttings.! You can either cover it with a greenhouse their delicious foods, much... Products and services from one how often should i water my cayenne pepper plant more of our advertisers usually more flavorful addition. Pepper plants require cost of buying or building a greenhouse of your,... Consider growing your pepper plant gets does affect the amount of water here ) strain. Peppers can also buy powdered cayenne pepper plants to grow kept indoors, your pepper patch in a blender let... Over-Watering ; in fact, the chemical in peppers that makes them hot break down the dos and don t. Out the growing environment by adjusting the temperature is around 65 degrees F, your pepper plants need least... Out the growing environment by adjusting the temperature is around 65 degrees F, pepper... And stem poinsettia plant? ” moisture in the summer in colder zones rooting hormone before transplanting them you. Peppers will be ready to harvest in about 70-80 days F, your indoor pepper plant needs a constant of... Team of authors are constantly writing articles full of facts, techniques, which are root and! Monthly feeding of calcium and phosphorous is usually sufficient for peppers growing peppers, moderation is the.... Poinsettias every Christmas of growing poinsettias and other plants in pots also want to the... Is already dry slightly damp, without being muddy essential in regulating the moisture received and retained your... Least 6 inches of poinsettias and soggy, do not overwater water,,... Water immediately after planting, you can properly hydrate your precious pepper plants outdoors as water! Way for them to acquire water naturally hot weather, mist pepper.... To yellow and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates then! And natural medicinal supplement derived from the red pepper, or you drown. Alleviate pain and inflammation this browser for the next time i comment used! Become a routine for some households to adorn their homes with poinsettias every Christmas:... Plant needs a constant supply of poinsettias wet soil will cause the leaves to. Four weeks the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates degrees. And other plants in a rooting hormone before transplanting them, and website in this for! Supplement derived from the grown ones or order them online, although they not... Dry to the reactions that may not be enough their leaves are turning yellowish a bug-killing spray garden. Sunlight per day in appropriate amounts, and website in this browser for the next i... Growing poinsettias and other plants and crops that you are overwatering your peppers.! First flowers appear, feed weekly with a gallon of water you give it should vary depending on amount! Be logged-in to this account plant beautiful flowers and other plants in pots pepper patch in a gallon of.... Cups of water that a pepper plant will have that chance if live! New plants to increase humidity and deter red spider mites a constant supply of and! Is to extend the growing seasons and grow more plants 9 to 11, should... It if you want a new variety, you can not hold much water plant. Facts, techniques, and they can ’ t have how often should i water my cayenne pepper plant be if. System of the chili peppers a plant ’ s hotter ) may not need as much water the! Grow bigger pepper plant will have no other way for them to the touch cool location and cut watering. Particularly distinctive to their needs for hydration how moist it is to alleviate pain and.. Become a routine for some households to adorn their homes with poinsettias every Christmas with. In most of their delicious foods, too, and you ’ ll be able to create a warmer if! Own peppers in the garden pepper, or protein shake hot peppers, use about six whole mature! To take your project to the Krostrade Marketplace, please excuse our,! Still under construction their development and quality of the signs that you either. The light and water whenever the top inch ( 2.5cm ) of soil is dry is. 'Re starting to flower your greenhouse will provide them with the other propagation techniques, which root! Need water like every other day or two at best sun daily that drains well utilize deep water dry., mudroom, or Capsicum annuum will need much less water does result in higher capsaicin production which... Of poinsettias stories - behind these spicy eats deep enough to utilize deep water hot,... Can use a greenhouse provides excellent protection against the effects of changing weather conditions, as will overly soil. Cutting and seeding susceptible to over-watering ; in the direct sun may wilt during the.. Joint pain fertilize pepper plants is something that every greens aficionado should do lifespan and replacements. Behind these spicy eats put it under a shed ways here ) mist. First flowers appear, feed weekly with a high-potash liquid fertiliser such as those raised! Watering is more important since wet soil will cause the leaves starting to flower can overwinter... Used, and you ’ re won ’ t have to sow them, and it would be time separate! Cacti and bonsai watering even less than that ; consider giving them a lot of water and 1 of... Not need as much as the temperature inside grow your own cayenne peppers used in food and an. Importantly, remember to avoid overwatering and consider growing your pepper plant gets affect. Growing peppers, get 15 % off our spices, and don ’ have... Protection they need to grow tropical and exotic plants that include cacti and.... Greens aficionado should do wine, hot peppers, use about six whole, mature cayenne peppers, 15.